The parish of Manchester was named after the Duke of Manchester in 1814 while he was serving as governor on the island. Consequently, the parish's capital, Mandeville, was named after his son. Large deposits of bauxite were discovered in Manchester in the 1940's. Bauxite is a red ore which is processed to produce alumina and eventually aluminium.  Ever since this discovery, Manchester has established bauxite and alumina industries which have led to growth and development of the parish and it's capital